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Build Your Own Emergency Spot Removal Kit
Jul 28th, 2010 by sovicki

http://www.rainbowintl.com/services/CarpetCareTipsandTricks.cfm

Build Your Own Emergency Spot Removal Kit

Items you will need for your emergency kit are listed below. *Always be sure and follow the pretest procedures before applying any solution to a spot or stain.

ALCOHOL ­ Use neutral spirits grain alcohol or clear (uncolored) rubbing alcohol. Methanol, ethanol, and isopropanol are appropriate alcohols to use.

AMMONIA SOLUTION ­ Mix one tablespoon of clear household ammonia with one-half cup of water.

BLEACH ­ Use hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate, present in Snowy or Clorox II. Do not use chlorine bleach.

DETERGENT SOLUTION ­ Mix one teaspoonful of a colorless, mild detergent or dishwashing liquid in a cup of lukewarm water.

DRY-CLEANING SOLVENT ­ Volatile dry spotter or a commercial spotter such as Carbona, Energine, K2R. Use in small amounts – can be harmful to sizing, backing or stuffing materials. Do not use gasoline, lighter fluid or carbon tetrachloride.

ENZYME DETERGENT ­ Mix a solution of enzyme detergent following the directions on the label. Do not soak or overwet. Allow the solution to remain on the stain for the recommended length of time before removing. (Professional cleaners may prefer to use digestors separate from detergents.)

POG ­ Paint, oil and grease remover, available in hardware stores.

VINEGAR SOLUTION ­ Mix one-third cup of white household vinegar with two-thirds cup of water. (Professional cleaners may use up to 28% acetic acid solution.)

Beer
STAIN: Colorless to light yellow, slightly stiff

CONTAINS: Hops, malts, alcohol, albumins, tannin

1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply vinegar solution, blot frequently.
3. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Blood
STAIN: Reddish when fresh, dries to dark brown with irregular edge

CONTAINS: Albumin, fat, fibrin, iron

1. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply cool ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply enzyme detergent, blot
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
5. If stain remains, apply rust remover or oxalic acid solution.
6. Bleaching with 3-5% hydrogen peroxide may be necessary.
Note: Take safety precautions when cleaning blood spills to avoid possible infection or contamination.

Butter & Margarine
STAIN: Greasy, yellowish-red, sometimes built-up

CONTAINS: Vegetable dye, corn oil, milk, salt, preservatives, vegetable fats

1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot until dry.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Candle Wax
STAIN: Stiff and built-up

CONTAINS: Petroleum, animal fats and oils, vegetable fats and oils, basic dyes

1. Try freezing the wax with an ice cube, then breaking and removing the frozen pieces.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
3. Apply POG, blot.
4. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.

Ketchup and Tomato Sauce
STAIN: Reddish-brown, absorbed and built-up

CONTAINS: Tomatoes, salt, sugar, spices, tannin, vinegar, onion

1. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
4. If stain remains, bleach with 3-5% hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Chewing Gum
STAIN: Grayish or pink, rubbery, sticky, built-up

CONTAINS: Chicle flavoring, sugar

1. Harden gum with an ice cube until it is brittle enough to scrape off with dull knife or spatula.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent to remove remaining traces.
OR
Use a commercial chewing gum remover.

Chocolate
STAIN: Brown with irregular edge, absorbed or built up

CONTAINS: Oil, grease, cocoa, butter, coloring, sugar, milk

1. Scrape off as much as possible with spatula or dull knife.
2. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
5. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
6. Rinse thoroughly with water and blot until dry.

Cocktails
STAIN: Colorless or light brown, absorbed

CONTAINS: Alcohol, tannin, sugar, food colors

1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
3. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Coffee
STAIN: Brown with irregular edge, darkening with heat and age

CONTAINS: Tannins, sugar, fatty acids, alcohol, oils, milk, cream

1. Apply detergent solution, blot. (Use enzyme detergent if cream was present.)
2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
3. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
* Ammonia will set stains on wool and silk but may help in removal from other fabrics.

Cough Syrup
STAIN: Usually absorbed with an irregular edge, sticky when wet, stiff when dry.

CONTAINS: Honey, sugar, syrup, menthol, alcohol, flavoring, coloring matter

1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Crayons
STAIN: Built-up, sometimes shiny

CONTAINS: Wax, grease, pigment, coloring matter

1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG, blot.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot. 5. Rinse with water, blot until dry

Egg (Raw)
STAIN: White and/or yellow, built-up, coagulates with heat

CONTAINS: Albumin, oils, fats, coloring matter

1. Blot up as much as possible, as quickly as possible.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply cold ammonia solution, blot.
4. If stain remains, apply enzyme detergent and keep moist.
5. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Food Coloring
STAIN: Absorbed, irregular edge

CONTAINS: Coloring matter, propylene glycol

1. Apply detergent solution, blotting frequently. A dried stain will probably spread when wet.
2. Repeat step 1 until color is no longer transferred to the towel.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Rinse thoroughly with water and blot until dry.

Fruit Juice
STAIN: Light yellow or characteristic color of fruit, absorbed and splotchy with irregular edge

CONTAINS: Tannin, acids, pulp, sugar, coloring matter

1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
5. If stain remains, apply enzyme detergent, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Furniture Stain
STAIN: Brownish or reddish, absorbed, with irregular edge

CONTAINS: Petroleum distillate, coloring matter

1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG, blot.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Rinse with water and blot until dry.

* This stain is almost impossible to remove completely.

Glue (School)
STAIN: Stiff and shiny, usually built-up

CONTAINS: Starches, gelatins, albumins

1. Apply water, blot.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. If stain remains, heat the detergent solution slightly and repeat step 2.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Grass
STAIN: Green and/or brown smudges

CONTAINS: Tannin, acids, oils, chlorophyll

1. Apply amyl acetate, if available, to remove chlorophyll, blot.
2. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
3. Rinse with water, blot.
4. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
5. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
* Bleaching (or professional stripping) may be necessary.

Gravy
STAIN: Brownish, absorbed and built-up

CONTAINS: Meat extracts, starch, proteins, milk, flour, seasonings

1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
5. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Greases
STAIN: Grayish or brownish, absorbed or built-up

CONTAINS: Oils, sometimes soils

1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG sparingly, and blot.
3. Alternate steps 1 and 2.
4. If stain remains, apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
7. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

* Bleaching (or professional stripping) may be necessary.

Ice Cream
STAIN: Absorbed and built-up, stiff when dry

CONTAINS: Cream, milk, egg, sugar, fruits, extracts, coloring matter

1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Apply enzyme detergent, keep moist, and blot.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry
6. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.

Ink (Ball Point)
STAIN: Can be any color, usually blue or black, absorbed

CONTAINS: Basic or soluble aniline dyes, insoluble organic solvents, oils, resins, gums, binding agents such as shellac, varnish or petroleum

1. Apply alcohol and blot, or use wet/dry vacuum.
2. Repeat as needed.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply amyl acetate, if available, or acetone (except on acetate fibers).
5. If stain remains, apply rust remover or oxalic acid solution.
6. Bleaching (or professional stripping) may be necessary.

Ink (India)
STAIN: Absorbed, usually black

CONTAINS: Pigment (carbon black) dispersed in water with a binder

1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG sparingly, blot.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Jam and Jelly
STAIN: Reddish or bluish, absorbed and built up

CONTAINS: Pulp of fruit, sugar, tannin, preservatives

1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
3. Rinse with water, blot.
4. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
5. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Lipstick
STAIN: Red, pink, orange, soft and greasy

CONTAINS: Pigment or dye in fats, waxes and oils

1. Scrape off excess with spatula or dull knife.
2. Apply POG, blot, making sure not to reapply stain onto fabric.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent, blot.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
7. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

* Try to avoid wet-cleaning on wool. Use POG and dry-cleaning solvents as long as possible.

Merthiolate & Mercurochrome
STAIN: Orange-red, absorbed

CONTAINS: Eosin dye in alcohol solution

1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Mildew
STAIN: Grayish or brownish fungus with black spots

* May permanently damage fibers

1. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot.
4. Apply solution of oxidizing bleach (chlorine or perborate).
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Do not use chlorine bleach on wool or silk.
Caution: Some color loss may occur from the bleach.

Milk
STAIN: Usually white, sometimes lighter in the center with heavier buildup around the edges.

CONTAINS: Fats, albumins, water

1. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
5. Apply enzyme detergent, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.
7. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.

Mucilage (also see Glue)
STAIN: Either built-up or slightly absorbed, stiff with an irregular edge when dry.

CONTAINS: Albumins, animal proteins and gums

1. Apply hot enzyme detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Mud
STAIN: Grayish, brownish, or yellowish, absorbed and built-up.

CONTAINS: Soil with greases and oils, clay, iron

1. Brush or scrape off as much as possible.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
5. If stain remains, apply POG and dry-cleaning solvent alternately, blot until dry.

Note: Some red clay and mud stains may be difficult to remove completely.

Nail Polish
STAIN: Usually pink or red, stiff, shiny and built-up.

CONTAINS: Red dye or pigment in a liquid cellulose acetate base, solvent, plasticizer.

1. Apply amyl acetate, if available, or nail polish remover. PRETEST FIRST. Repeat as needed, with blotting.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
3. Apply POG, blot; apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. If stain remains, apply detergent solution, blot until dry.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
7. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Oils
STAIN: Circular, elongated or cross-shaped, darkening with age

CONTAINS: Petroleum distillate or vegetable oil, polyglycerides, methyl silicate, preservatives

1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG sparingly, blot.
3. Alternate dry-cleaning solvent and POG, blotting frequently.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
7. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Paint (oil)
STAIN: Usually built-up and stiff

CONTAINS: Pigments, drying oils, resins, gums, volatile solvents

* Check label on paint for specific thinner or solvent OR

1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG, blot; apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
3. Repeat step 2 until as much paint as possible is removed.
4. Weight down the stain with towels dampened with dry-cleaning solvent for several hours to loosen, blot with solvent.
5. Apply several drops of detergent solution and work into the stain, blot.
6. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
7. Alternate steps 2 and 5 until stain is removed.
8. Rinse thoroughly with warm water, blot until dry.

Paint (water)
STAIN: Absorbed or built-up, stiff when dry

CONTAINS: Water, latex, pigments, emulsifiers, preservatives

1. Apply detergent solution, blot. Repeat as needed.
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Rinse with water, blot until dry
4. Apply POG on aged, hardened paint, blot.
5. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot. Repeat as needed.

Rubber Cement
STAIN: White or clear, built-up, possibly sticky or shiny

CONTAINS: Rubber (synthetic or natural), resin, solvent

1. Roll the glue off if it has hardened sufficiently.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
3. Apply POG sparingly, blot.
4. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
5. Apply detergent solution, blot.
6. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Rust
STAIN: Reddish-brown, absorbed or built-up

CONTAINS: Oxides of Iron

1. Apply rust remover or warm oxalic acid solution.
2. Allow to stand for 10-15 minutes.
3. Repeat with hot solution.
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Shoe Polish
STAIN: Usually black or brown, absorbed or built-up

CONTAINS: Waxes, resins, solvents, dyes, shellac, alcohol, tannin

1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
2. Apply POG sparingly, blot.
3. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
6. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
7. If stain persists, bleaching (or professional stripping) may be necessary.
Some dark staining may still remain.

Soft Drinks
STAIN: Colorless, yellowish, reddish, or brownish, darkening with age

CONTAINS: Tannin, sugar, vegetable coloring, flavoring, fruit extracts

1. Apply cold detergent solution, blot
2. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Soot
STAIN: Black spots or smudges

CONTAINS: Carbon, sulfur compounds, sometimes grease

1. Apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Tar & Asphalt
STAIN: Black, shiny, built-up or absorbed, distinctive odor

CONTAINS: Coal tar or petroleum, sulfur compounds, moncaptans

1. Scrape off as much as possible with spatula or dull knife.
2. Apply dry-cleaning solvent.
3. Apply POG sparingly, blot; apply dry-cleaning solvent, blot.
4. Apply detergent solution, blot.
5. Rinse with water, blot until dry.

Toothpaste
STAIN: Whitish, greenish, or bluish (other colors possible), absorbed and built-up

CONTAINS: Soap, bleaching compound, flavoring, fluoride compound, coloring

1. Apply detergent solution, blot.
2. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Urine
STAIN: Yellowish or brownish, darkening with age; absorbed

CONTAINS: Urea, uric acid, ammonia, organic acids, pigments, cholesterol, albumins, proteases

1. Blot up as much as possible if still wet.
2. Apply detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.
6. If stain remains, apply rust remover or oxalic acid solution.
7. Bleaching with 3-5% hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate might be necessary.

* Urine stains may cause permanent dye removal from fibers, and may damage wool silk or nylon.

Vomit
STAIN: Various colors, absorbed and built-up

CONTAINS: Food, mucus, albumins, acids

1. Blot up as much as possible.
2. Apply enzyme detergent, keep moist, blot.
3. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
4. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
5. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Wine
STAIN: Reddish, purplish or yellowish, absorbed

CONTAINS: Alcohol, sugar, tannin, coloring matter

1. Blot up as much as possible. Repeat as needed.
2. Apply cool detergent solution, blot.
3. Apply vinegar solution, blot.
4. Apply ammonia solution, blot.
5. If necessary, bleach with 3-5% hydrogen peroxide or sodium perborate.
6. Rinse thoroughly with water, blot until dry.

Nine Alternate Uses for Dryer Sheets
Aug 19th, 2009 by sovicki

by Rosa Golijan

Dryer sheets give your laundry that so-fresh-you’ll-sneeze scent, but they also keep bugs away, make stuffy hotel rooms and second hand smoke more tolerable, save on vacuum filters, and have more creative uses than your spam box has investment proposals.

Photo by admiller

Around the House (And Garage)

Photo by wili_hybrid

We know that you can keep shoes smelling nice and clean pots and pans with dryer sheets, but there are plenty of other uses for them around the house:

GregoryAmymon‘s trick doesn’t leave the laundry room, but it definitely makes life less sticky:

If you’ve ever gunked up your dryer with gum, you can use your dryer sheets to clean it up really fast. Just put a little water on one and scrub the gum away. It works like a charm.

Don’t throw away used dryer sheets! According to gelgels, they’re great for preventing purses and bags from losing their shape while in the closet (not to mention that your accessories would be left with a fresh scent when you take them out):

I save dryer sheets and use them to stuff purses that I’m not using so they keep their structure

Whether you have an old vacuum and can’t find replacement filters for it or whether you’re just trying to save a buck, se7a7n7 has a trick for you:

I used a few to replace air filters on a used vacuum that I bought and they worked perfectly. Just fold the sheet to the size you need, use more sheets depending on the thickness you need.

lindsayk keeps her trashcans from smelling up the place:

Dryer sheets are great. I haven’t needed one in my closet, but I have placed them in the bottom of trash cans before.

Bugs seem to torture the paint on your car, especially in the summers. xTeddyx has a solution:

Dryer sheets are great for getting bugs off the front of your car. Take one and get it damp with the hose. then use it as a sponge to get the dried guts off.

In the Great Outdoors

When you get out of the house, remember MargotTurco‘s tip on how to keep even those dreaded “no-see-ums” away:

Dryer sheets are also good for repelling biting insects. When the bugs are intolerable, our camping club tucks dryer sheets in the tops of socks and the back of hats or collars (leave most of the sheet hanging out). The no-see-ums and skeeters will keep their distance. You look sort of goofy, but hanging out around the campfire in the evenings is much more enjoyable without the blood-suckers pestering you…

QueenieEscardadente seconds the insect-repelling idea, but doesn’t think that the dryer sheets need to be tucked into clothing:

My uncle is an avid hunter/fisherman, etc. He has said for years to rub a dryer sheet all over yourself to keep bugs away.
I figure it’s way better than using that gross bug spray. You can smell nice and not have bug bites.

As with most anecdotal evidence your mileage may vary, but various citizens of the ‘net swear by the dryer-sheet-as-insect-repellent trick.

On the Road

Photo by tomeppy

Travel a lot? Dryer sheets can make trips more comfortable by making your smelly hotel room more tolerable with Anthonylitz‘s tip:

In the past I traveled a lot for business. We would put dryer sheets in the air conditioner vent when the hotel room smelled.
Example: You know when you open the door to the hotel room for the first time, the AC has been off and there is a ‘nice’ mildew smell?

TheFu also keeps the laundry room staple on hand when traveling, but not just for the room:

I use dryer sheets in my luggage to keep clothes smelling fresh even if I’m forced to wear them 2-3 days while traveling. Obviously, soiled clothes go into a 13 gallon kitchen bag to keep the smell away from the “freshening” clothes.

And Everywhere Else

Your millage may vary with jcrockerman‘s tip, but maybe it’ll leave non-smokers around you suffering less:

More on dryer sheets. Put some in an empty toilet paper roll… and use it as a smoke filter. If your roommate doesn’t like the smell of cigarette smoke or other natural supplements in cigarette form..just blow the smoke into the roll and the house will smell like fresh laundry.

Did we miss your favorite alternate use for dryer sheets? Do you use another common household item in uncommon ways? Tell us all about it in the comments and you might spot your tip in a round up like this one or even in the Tips Box.

Laundry Tips
Aug 6th, 2009 by sovicki

Bleeding of Colors: Your red shirt got mixed in with other clothes and ruined them? First off, DON’T DRY THEM! Wash again with regular detergent and color-safe bleach. If that didn’t work, Rit®, the makers of clothes dye, makes a color remover that works wonders and doesn’t cost much. To prevent bleeding in the first place, wash in cold water; I also use a cup of salt OR a scoop of Oxi Clean® with every load.
Blood on Clothes: Pour hydrogen peroxide on blood and rinse with cold water. If some blood remains, repeat. (Submitted by Michele Dutcher)
Burn / Scorch Marks: If the fabric is washable, brush it gently with a soft brush or dry sponge to remove loose carbon particles. Then, wash the fabric with regular detergent and color-safe bleach. This will permanently weaken the fabric even more than the scorch has, but the scorch may no longer be noticeable.
Burnt Stuff on Iron: Rub iron with aluminum foil to remove burnt on starch, etc.
Deodorant Stains on the Underarms of Washable Shirts: Sponge on white vinegar (or soak stain in it); wait 30 minutes. Launder shirts in the hottest water safe for the fabric. Using an enzyme detergent or a detergent with bleach alternative check care labels to be sure this is okay). I sometimes put liquid laundry detergent right on the area, leave it for five to ten minutes, then wash. To prevent: Let deodorant dry before dressing. And don’t let stains sit! Apply prewash spray or liquid detergent ASAP, then launder. Every third or fourth washing, use the hottest water safe for the shirts.
Down Comforters / Jackets: These can, indeed, be washed rather than dry cleaned. Any stains, such as the grime on the cuffs of a jacket, should be spot-cleaned with a pre-treater, then rinsed with water. Wash the item in the gentle cycle with mild detergent. The key is to ensure the down is rinsed extremely well. Then, place in the dryer rather than line drying. This allows the feathers to plump up again. Place large knotted towels or tennis balls in the dryer with it to help fluff the down. The only caution is, if the item has weak seams or fragile fabric it could “explode” and leave you with only down. If there are stains remaining, place it (on a blanket) outdoors in full sunshine for a day or two. This often helps. If not, at least your comforter will have that outdoor fresh smell. (Submitted by Koilaf and michelle6802)
Dryer Tip: Include a few tennis balls in each dryer cycle. The tennis balls not only cut drying time by 25% – 50%, but also fluff the clothes to a delicate softness, and towels with be especially fluffy. (Submitted by a site visitor)
Fabric Softener: I have been using an old dish towel as a fabric softener sheet. I pour a couple of capfuls of Downey on it and throw it in the dryer. It has taken over a year to go thru a bottle of (small) Downey fabric softener. I add more Downey about every 15 loads or just when I notice a little static. It helps to use a towel that is distinct from the other laundry. I use a pink towel, which is a one of a kind in our house. (Submitted by a site visitor)
Fading: Turn dark clothes inside out and wash in the coolest water possible; dry on lowest heat. For all-black clothes and linens, throw in a box of black Rit® dye every 8-10 washes or so to keep black clothes black.
Foggy Mirrors and Glass: Spray a generous amount of good ol’ fashioned shaving cream (not gel) onto the mirror or window and rub in with a clean cloth. Use a new clean cloth until all streaks are gone. This will prevent fogging as long as you don’t wipe or clean the glass.
Gasoline On Clothing: Gasoline is an oil based product, therefore, use another oil based product to pull out the odor (which is left because all the gas oil has not been removed yet). You can use any kind of oil that normally washes out of clothing, like baby oil. Put some of the oil into the washer along with the clothes, let it swish around for a while, then put in the detergent and all should come out okay. Be sure not to use a dryer to dry these clothes, as it could cause a fire.
General Stain Removal for Clothing: Read the label! If it says dry-clean only, dry-clean it. If it’s washable, try cleaning fluid, spot remover, or petroleum-based pre-wash spray. Place garment stain side down on paper towels and dab cleaner on stain using a terry-cloth towel or scrub brush. Check paper towels underneath and move frequently so there’s always a clean area under the stain to absorb soil. Let area dry and check it. If stain remains, treat with prewash spray and launder. Before drying, check again. Still visible? Repeat steps.
Glitter on Clothing: That new sparkly shirt shedding glitter all over the place? Spray with aerosol hair spray to make it stay put. Wash separately from other clothes, or at least wash it inside out if you must wash with other articles of clothing.
Grease Stains: Sprinkle a generous amount of cornstarch or baby powder over the grease stain, allow it to sit for a couple of minutes, then brush the powder off. The powder absorbs the grease and it brushes off with the powder.
Gum On Clothing: Use egg whites to remove gum on clothing. Brush egg white onto gum with a toothbrush. Let sit for 15 minutes and then launder on the items normally.
Ink Stains: The best way I have found to get out ink stains is to put rubbing alcohol on the stain – it disappears! This must be done before washing. (Submitted by Darvin Mossing)
Laundry Basket Freshener: Place a fabric softener sheet in the bottom of your laundry basket (remember to change it weekly.) You can also simply sprinkle some baking soda in the bottom of your basket and that will help absorb the odors as well.
Linen Closet: In the linen closet, place cotton balls that have been sprayed with your favorite scent. Once they are dry, place them in corners and on the shelves.
Lint: Keep lint off dark clothes by not washing them with towels, washcloths, dishrags, etc. This is where a majority of the lint comes from and it’s just easier to eliminate them. (Submitted by michelle6802) Another way to get lint to stay off clothes in the washer is to add 1 cup distilled white vinegar to the load with the detergent.
Lipstick: Use petroleum jelly for removing lipstick stains. Another possibility is to rub in a little vegetable shortening and then launder as normal.
Mildew Stains: Shake or brush the item to remove loose growth. Presoak in cold water. Wash in hot water with heavy duty detergent. For whites, add 1/2 cup bleach. If colored, use color-safe bleach. If staining remains on white items, repeat washing before drying. Dry thoroughly; heat and sun tend to kill mildew.
Mothball Alternative: A better idea than using mothballs is to take your leftover soap slivers and put them in a vented plastic bag. You place the bag with seasonal clothes before packing them away. Not only will the scent prevent them from moth harm but also they’ll smell great when you pull them out. I especially like this for sweaters, which can be difficult to remove the odor of mothballs from. Using soap you simply have a clean smell rather than the smell of an attic.
Mothball Odors: This odor is a hard one to get rid of. Your first step is ventilation – air out larger items outside for a day or two; for clothes, fluff in the dryer with fabric softener sheets for a couple of hours. Odor removers such as Febreeze® may help. If an entire room or closet is affected, place trays of activated charcoal (available in pet supply stores) in the corners of the rooms to absorb the smell.
Panty Hose / Nylons: To stop a run in panty hose, dab nail polish over the run; clear polish is best, for obvious reasons, but any color will do. To strengthen nylons, spray with aerosol hair spray when you first put them on.
Perspiration Stains/Odor: Soak the stained shirt in equal parts ammonia and water and add a few Tbls. of liquid dish soap overnight. Then, wash the shirts as usual.
Rust and Mineral Stains: Add 1 cup of bottled lemon juice in the wash to remove discoloration from cotton laundry.
Soiled Shirt Collars: Take a small paintbrush and brush hair shampoo into soiled shirt collars before laundering. Shampoo is made to dissolve body oils.
Spaghetti Stains: Wet the fabric and then sprinkle with powdered dish detergent. Scrub gently with a toothbrush. Rinse the item and launder normally.
Sour Smelling Towels: Whenever possible, always use bleach when washing towels. If this is not possible (for colored towels), pour a cup of white vinegar or 1/4 cup Febreeze® into the washer with the towels and detergent. Never overload the washer with too many towels (or clothes, for that matter), as they will not have room to agitate and clean thoroughly. Never let a washed, wet load of laundry of any kind sit in the washer for long; dry as soon as possible. For a towel you are currently using, hang it in a fashion that will allow it to dry completely between uses; if thrown on the floor in a ball or folded over a towel bar, it can quickly mildew and the smell is hard to get rid of.
Travel Saver: Whenever you travel carry along a stain pretreatment stick. Taking the time to use it on stains before they set ensures that they will wash out when you get home.

White-Out / Liquid Paper and Permanent Marker Stains: Dab some sunscreen over the stain and rub off with a paper towel. Repeat until stain is gone.

Yellowed / Grayed Whites: Rit®, the makers of clothes dye, makes a white-wash that works well for bleachable and non-bleachable clothing that has yellowed or grayed. You can also hang yellowed clothes out to dry whenever possible to reduce the yellow.

Zippers: To make a zipper slide up and down more smoothly, rub a bar of soap over the teeth.

Cleaning Tips
Aug 6th, 2009 by sovicki

Ant Repellant: To keep ants out of the house, find where the ants are entering the house and sprinkle a “barrier” of cinnamon or any type of ground pepper to block their way. The spices are too hot for the ants to cross. (Submitted By: Tony & Sherry Lorsung) Cucumber peels have the same effect.

Bathroom Odors: Place an opened box of baking soda OR an open container of activated charcoal behind the toilet to absorb bathroom odors.

Blood Stains: Soak the stain in hydrogen peroxide, wash (don’t dry), and repeat if necessary. This tip works especially well for caret and clothes.

Carpet Stains: Baby wipes are miracle-workers on carpet stains, from motor oil to blood, they remove almost anything!

Candle Holders: To prevent the wax from melting and sticking to the inside of a votive candle holder, pour a bit of water in the holder, then place the candle on top. If you’re reading this tip too late, and there’s already wax stuck inside your candle holder, pop it in the freezer for an hour. The wax will chip right off.

Candle Wax: To remove wax from carpeting or other fabric, first scrape away any excess. Then, place a brown paper bag over the wax and run a warm iron over the bag. The wax will melt right into the bag! Continue moving the bag around as you pick up the wax so you are always using a clean section. If a little grease stain remains on carpet, sprinkle with baking soda and allow to sit overnight before vacuuming, which will remove the grease residue. If colored wax leaves a stain on carpet, blot with spot remover or carpet cleaner, following label directions.

Cast Iron Pans: To gently and effectively clean your cast iron skillets after most uses, wipe out excess food with a dry paper towel, then sprinkle salt inside the pan. Wipe clean with a clean, dry paper towel. The salt acts as an abrasive to scratch off any stuck-on particles of food without using soap and water, which can remove your seasoning. For stubborn stuck-on food, use a putty knife to scrape it off. You may, however, need to reseason the pan after doing this.

Chimney: To keep your chimney clean, throw a handful of salt on the fire.

Chrome: To remove rust from chrome, wipe it with aluminum foil dipped in Coke®. To polish chrome, use a crumbled up piece of aluminum foil and rub.

Cloudy Drinking Glasses: Soak them for an hour or longer in slightly warm white vinegar. Then, use a nylon-net or plastic dish scrubber to remove film. Still there? The damage may be etching (tiny scratches that occur in the dishwasher) and is permanent, sorry to say. To avoid this altogether, hand-wash your best glasses.

Coffee Grinder: Grind up a cup or so of rice in a coffee grinder to clean the grinder and sharpen its blades.

Copper: To polish copper, rub an ample amount of catsup on the copper and let it stand for 5 minutes. Rinse off the catsup with hot water and dry to find an incredible shine.

Crayon on Walls or Washable Wallpaper: Spray with WD-40®, then gently wipe, using a paper towel or clean cloth. If the mark is stubborn, sprinkle a little baking soda on a damp sponge and gently rub in a circular motion. If the WD-40® leaves a residue, gently wipe off with a sponge soaked in soapy water; rinse clean; blot dry. Another method is to use a hair dryer – it heats the wax and wipes away instantly. If the color remains, like red usually does, wet a cloth with bleach and wipe.

Deodorize dishes, pans, cutting boards or utensils with pungent odors by adding 1/4 cup of lemon juice to your dishwater.

Dishwashers: To clean mineral deposits from the inside of your dishwasher, pour in a container of Tang® Drink Mix and run the dishwasher (don’t put dishes in the dishwasher for this load).

Fireplace Soot Odor: In the Spring, when you’re fireplace will be out of commission for a while, clean out the ashes, then fill the fireplace with crumpled newspapers (non-glossy pages). Leave the newspapers for a couple of days, then discard.

Fish or Spoiled Food Odor: Place a bowl of white vinegar on the counter for a few hours. The odor will disappear for good.

Freshen a Garbage Disposal: Sprinkle baking soda in it along with a few drops dish-washing liquid. Scrub with a brush (a new toilet brush works great), getting under the rubber gasket and all around the inside. Then, turn on water and let the disposal run to flush thoroughly. For a fresh citrus scent, throw in a few cut up lemons or limes and run them through, too, using lots of water.

Freshen Laundry Basket: Place a fabric softener sheet in the bottom of your laundry basket (remember to change it weekly.) You can also simply sprinkle some baking soda in the bottom of your basket and that will help absorb the odors as well.

Freshen Linen Closet: In the linen closet place cotton balls that have been sprayed with your favorite scent. Once they are dry place them in corners and on the shelves.

George Foreman Grills: After removing the cooked food from the grill, place a paper towel soaked in water on each of the 2 cooking surfaces. Unplug the appliance, allow it to sit for 5-30 minutes (while you eat), then use the paper towels to effortlessly wipe out the grease and food particles.

Ink Stains: The best way I have found to get out ink stains is to put rubbing alcohol on the stain – it disappears! This must be done before washing. (Submitted by Darvin Mossing) For ink on the wall, wipe with bleach and it will disappear.

Kitty Litter: To keep cat litter fresh smelling, mix baby powder in with the litter.

Microwave Filth: Food splatters all over the inside of your microwave and cooks itself on after time. To easily remove this mess, place a sponge soaked in water in the microwave. Cook on high heat for 2 minutes, then allow it to sit without opening the microwave door, for 5 minutes. The filth is now ready to be wiped right off – no scrubbing – and your sponge is right there!

Microwave Odors: Keep a cup of baking soda in the microwave between uses to keep potatoes from smelling like bacon or other unusual combinations!

Mothball Substitute: Take your leftover soap slivers and put them in a vented plastic bag. You place the bag with seasonal clothes before packing them away. Not only will the scent prevent them from moth harm, but also they’ll smell great when you pull them out.

Odor-free Car: Place a few briquettes of charcoal under the seat of your car to absorb odors and keep it smelling fresh. (submitted by NIKEITA) Make sure to use the type without the starting fluid on them or your car will smell of fuel.

Paint on Carpet: Spray with Windex® and wipe clean. (Submitted by Richard Power)

Permanent Marker on Carpet: Dab a washcloth soaked in rubbing alcohol onto the marker stain. Do not rub it – just blot it – rotating the cloth to a clean spot every time.

Pet Urine on Carpet: First, blot up what you can with paper towels. Then, with warm, soapy water and a clean cloth, blot the area clean; rinse with clean water; blot until dry. Next, combine 1/3 cup white vinegar with 2/3 cup water and dab it on stain; rinse with clean water; blot until dry. Once the area is totally dry (at least 24 hours), sprinkle entire carpet with baking soda or rug deodorizer; vacuum after a few hours.

Photos Stuck Together: With a hair dryer on low, slowly melt them apart.

Roach Problem: Combine equal parts boric acid (a powder sold in hardware stores and drugstores) and sugar, mix well. Sprinkle in crevices and, if building or remodeling, between walls before putting up plaster board. Put the powder in jar lids; place lids behind the fridge and under sinks. Caution: Keep mixture away from children and pets.

Shower Doors: I have clear glass shower doors. I have tried everything from CLR®, to Comet®, to Clorox® – you name it, I’ve tried it. Today I decided to try something different. I found a bottle of Resolve® spot remover for carpet and fabric. I figured “Why not? I have tried everything else.” All I did was spray the Resolve® on the shower and with no effort ran a dish sponge over it and rinsed and every bit of the soap scum came off. (Submitted by Angela Cook)

Smashed Down Carpet: To make the carpet stand back up after moving a piece of furniture, place an ice cube on the spot. As it melts, the piles will go back up.

Smelly Cooking Hands: Simply rub your hands over a stainless steel utensil under running water. This works especially well for the odor of garlic, onions or fish.

Smelly Shoes: Simply fill a tube sock with kitty litter, baking soda, or tea leaves; tie the end closed; and place the filled socks in the shoes when you’re not wearing them. These sachets can be used over and over in any kind of shoe.

Sour Sponge: Soak the sponge in lemon juice and rinse it out. This will remove the odor for good but keep in mind that it is important to either dispose of, bleach, or run your sponge through your dishwasher regularly to keep bacteria from growing.

Stains in Plastic Storage Containers: Use a baking soda paste (baking soda and water) and rub into the stain. You can then rinse with vinegar (optional) and wash normally. Another method is to place container outside on a nice sunny day and the sun actually bleaches the stain out. To avoid stains in the first place, spray container with cooking spray before putting things in it that stain i.e. spaghetti sauce.

Stickers, Decals, and Glue: To remove them from furniture, glass, plastic, etc. saturate with vegetable oil and rub off.

Stuck-On Food in Pots, Pans, and Crockpots: Fill the pan with water and place a fabric softener sheet in the water. Allow the pan to soak overnight. The food will wipe right out!

Stovetops: To prevent grease and grime from sticking to your stove top, making it easy to clean, rub it down with car wax on occasion. (submitted by NIKEITA)

Tarnished Silverware: Line a cake pan with aluminum foil. Fill with water and add 1 Tbls. of baking soda per 2 cups of water. Heat to 150 degrees. Lay silverware in pan, touching aluminum foil. Watch the stains disappear!

Trash Bag Idea: Save money on trash bags by reusing plastic grocery bags. Use them in all your trash cans. To keep them from slipping down, affix a plastic, self-adhesive hook to both sides of the inside of the trash can. Hang the shopping bag from the hooks.

White Heat Marks and Water Rings on Wood Furniture: If the wood has a good finish (don’t try on bare wood), mix equal parts of baking soda and regular white, non-gel toothpaste. Lightly dampen corner of a clean, soft white cloth with water and dip into the paste. With circular motion gently buff the marks for a few minutes. Wipe area clean, and buff to a shine. Follow with furniture polish. (If rings remain after buffing five minutes or so, they may have penetrated the wood; you might have to refinish the piece). If that doesn’t work, dip a cloth in vegetable oil, then in cigarette ashes, then rub it over the mark. Another method is to rub real mayonnaise onto the stain, allow to sit overnight, then wipe with a dry towel.

Window Cleaner: This is the perfect window cleaner! In a gallon jug: 1/2 bottle of rubbing alcohol, 2 Tbls. Prell Shampoo, fill jug to the top with water. The rubbing alcohol prevents streaks and the shampoo cuts the dirt. I swear by it. It will last a long time and is very inexpensive.

Ingredient name in Chinese and English
Aug 6th, 2009 by sovicki

url: http://www.geocities.jp/momi619jp/index.htm

各式食材中英文对照

麵粉/中筋麵粉 Plain flour /all-purpose flour
低筋麵粉/低根粉 cake flour / soft flour / weak flour / low protein flour
高筋麵粉/筋麵/根麵/高根粉 gluten flour/strong flour/bread flour/baker’s flour/high protein flour
全麥麵粉 whole wheat flour
澄麵粉/澄粉/澄麵 non-glutinous flour / wheat flour / wheat starch
自發麵粉 self- raising flour
粗玉米豆粉 polenta / yellow cornmeal
粟粉/粟米粉/玉米粉/玉米澱粉 corn flour / cornstarch
生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉 potato starch / potato flour
樹薯粉/木薯粉/茨粉/菱粉/泰國生粉/太白粉/地瓜粉 Tapioca starch / tapioca flour
蕃薯粉/地瓜粉 sweet potato flour
馬蹄粉 water chestnut flour
葛粉 arrowroot flour
臭粉/胺粉/阿摩尼亞粉/嗅粉 powdered baking ammonia / carbonate of ammonia / ammonia bicarbonate / ammonia carbonate / hartshorn
發粉/泡打粉/泡大粉/速發粉/蛋糕發粉 baking powder
蘇打粉/小蘇打/梳打粉/小梳打/食粉/重曹 baking soda / bicarb ofsoda
塔塔粉/他他粉 cream of tartar
卡士達粉/蛋黃粉/吉士粉/吉時粉/ custard powder
卡士達/克林姆/奶皇餡/蛋奶餡 custard / pastry cream
蛋白粉 egg white powder?
粘米粉/黏米粉/在來米粉/在萊米粉/再來米粉 rice flour
糕仔粉 cooked rice flour
糯米粉 glutinous rice flour / sweet rice flour
鳳片粉/熟糯米粉/糕粉/加工糕粉 fried sweet rice flour / fried glutinous rice flour
綠豆粉 mung bean flour / tepung hun kwee
小麥胚芽/麥芽粉 wheat germ
小麥蛋白/麵筋粉 wheat gluten
鹼水/(木見)水 alkaline water/lye water/potassium carbonate
白?alum
硼砂 borax
石膏 gypsum
酵母/酒餅 yeast/ibu roti
麵包/麵飽 bread
土司麵包/吐司 toast
麵包糠/麵包屑 breadcrumbs
香草豆/香草莢/香草片/香子蘭莢 vanilla bean/vanilla pod
香草精/雲尼拉香精/凡尼拉香精 vanilla extract/vanilla essence
香草粉 vanilla powder
班蘭粉/香蘭粉 ground pandan/ground screwpine leaves/serbok daun pandan
班蘭精/香蘭精 pandan paste/pasta pandan
玫瑰露/玫瑰露精 rosewater/rosewater essence essence
杏仁粉 almond flour/almond mieal
皮屑 grated zest/grated rind
海苔粉 ground seaweed
黑蔗糖漿/糖蜜/甘蔗糖蜜 molasses
金黃糖漿 golden syrup
楓糖漿/楓樹糖漿/楓糖 maple syrup
玉米糖漿 corn syrup/karo syrup
葡萄糖漿 glucose syrup
麥芽糖漿 barley maltsyrup/maltsyrup
麥芽糖 maltose/malt sugar
焦糖 carmael
果糖 Efructos
乳糖 lactose
轉化糖 invert sugar
日式糙米糖漿 amazake
綿花糖霜 marshmallow cream cream
冰糖 ROCK sugar
椰糖/爪哇紅糖 palm sugar/gula malacca
黃砂糖 brown sugar
紅糖?/黑糖? dark brown sugar
紅糖?/黑糖? muscovado sugar
金砂糖? demerara sugar
原蔗糖 raw sugar/raw cane sugar/unrefined cane sugar
白砂糖/粗砂糖 white sugar/refined sugar/refined cane sugar/coarse granulated sugar
細砂糖/幼砂糖 castor sugar
糖粉 icing sugar/confectioners’ sugar
糖霜/點綴霜 icing/frosting
蜜葉糖/甜葉菊 stevia/honey leaf
代糖/阿斯巴甜 aspartame/sweetener/sugar substitute
牛油忌廉 butter cream
什色糖珠 HUNDREDS & THOUSANDS
巧克力米/朱古力米 chocolate vermicelli
巧克力削/朱古力削 chocolate curls
巧克力珠/朱古力珠 choc bits/chocolate chips
椰絲/椰茸/椰子粉 desiccated coconut/shredded coconut
涼粉/仙草 grass jelly
果子凍/果凍粉/(口者)喱 jelly
魚膠粉/吉利丁/明膠 gelatine sheets/powdered gelatine
大菜/大菜絲/菜燕/燕菜精/洋菜/洋菜粉/瓊脂 agar agar powder
食用色素 food colouring
牛油/奶油 butter
瑪珈琳/瑪琪琳/乳瑪琳/雅瑪琳/人造奶油/菜油 margarine
起酥油/起酥瑪琪琳 pastry margarine / oleo margarine
豬油/白油/大油/板油? lard / cooking fat
酥油/雪白奶油 shortening
硬化椰子油 copha
烤油? dripping
淡忌廉 light cream/coffee cream/table cream
鮮奶油/忌廉/鮮忌廉 cream/whipping cream
包括﹕
1 light whipping cream
2 heavy whipping cream/heavy cream/thickened cream
3 double cream/pure cream
酸奶油/酸忌廉/酸奶酪?/酸乳酪? sour cream
酸奶 buttermilk
牛奶/鮮奶/鮮乳 milk
奶粉 powdered milk / milk powder
花奶/淡奶/奶水/蒸發奶/蒸發奶水 evaporated milk
煉奶 condensedmilk/sweetened condensed milk
起士/起司/芝士/乳酪/奶酪/乾酪/乳餅 cheese
起司粉 powdered cheese
奶油起司/芝士忌廉/奶油乳酪/凝脂乳酪 cream cheese
瑪斯卡波尼起司/馬司卡膨起司/馬斯卡波涅起司/義大利乳酪 mascarpone cheese
優格/乳果/酸奶酪?/酸乳酪? yoghurt
優酪乳 yoghurt drink/drinking yoghurt
黃豆 soy bean
紅豆 red bean/adzuki bean
紅豆沙/烏豆沙 red bean paste
綠豆 mung bean
綠豆片 split mung bean
薏米 pearl barley
沙莪粒/西米/小茨丸 pearl sago/pearl tapioca
蓮藕 lotus root
蓮蓉 lotus paste
紅棗 chinese red dates
蜜棗 preserved red dates
棗泥 red date paste
龍眼乾/龍眼肉/桂圓/圓肉dried longan
葡萄乾 raisin
柿餅 dried persimmon
桃脯 dried peach
杏脯 dried apricot
蘋果脯/蘋果乾 dried apple
陳皮 dried orange peel/dried tangerine peel
百合 dried lily bulb
蜜漬櫻桃/露桃/車梨子 glace cherry/candied cherry
蜜漬鳳梨 glace pineapple/candied pineapple
腰子豆/腰果/腰果仁/介壽果 cashew nut
花生 peanut
瓜子/南瓜子 pepitas / dried pumpkin seeds
崧子/松子仁 pine nut
栗子 chestnut
栗蓉 chestnut puree / chestnut paste
核桃/核桃仁/合桃/胡桃 walnut
杏仁/杏仁片/扁桃 almond
北杏/苦杏仁 apricot kernel / chinese almond / bitter almond
南杏 apricot kernel
榛果/榛仁 hazelnut / filbert / cobnut
開心果/阿月渾子 pistachio
堅果/澳洲堅果/夏威夷果/澳洲胡桃/澳洲栗/澳洲核桃/昆士蘭龍眼/昆士蘭栗macadamia / california nut
山胡桃/胡桃 pecan
石鼓仔/馬加拉/油桐子 candlenut / buah keras
白果/銀杏 ginkgo nut
檳榔 betel
芝麻 sesame seed
蓮子 lotus seed
罌粟子 poppy seed
亞答子 atap seed
法式吐司 french toast
裸麥麵包 rye bread
派/批 pie
塔/撻 tart
凍派/凍批 cream pie
蛋塔 egg tart / custard tart
法式蛋塔 quiche lorraine
戚風蛋糕 chiffon cake
海綿蛋糕 sponge cake
泡芙 choux pastry / puff
瑪琳/焗蛋泡 meringue
蛋蜜乳 eggnog
可麗餅 Ecrepe
煎餅/熱餅/薄烤餅 pancake
厚鬆餅 pikelet / hotcake
墨西哥麵餅 tortillas
曲奇 cookies
慕斯/慕思 mousse
布甸/布丁 pudding
司康/比司吉 scones
舒芙蕾 souffles
洋芋塊 hash brown
英式鬆餅/瑪芬麵包 english muffin
鬆糕/瑪芬 american muffin
格子鬆餅 waffle
蕃茄醬: ketchup
水蜜桃罐頭: peaches in syrup
切片水蜜桃罐頭: sliced peaches in syrup
綜合水果罐頭: cocktail fruit in syrup
蘇打餅干: saltine crackers
白醋: rice vinegar (工研醋)
烏醋: black vinggar
辣椒醬: chili sauce
牛頭牌沙荼醬: bull head barbecue sauce/Chinese barbecue sauce
抹荼粉: green tea powder
餛鈍皮: wonton wrapper/wonton skins
水餃皮: dumpling wrapper / dumpling skins /gyoza wrapper.
春捲皮: spring roll wrapper , egg roll wrapper……
黑木耳: dried black fungus
燒海苔: roasted seaweed sushi nori
蝦米: dried shrimp
鹹蛋黃: salted egg yolk
杏桃果膠 apricot glaze
薑粉 ginger powder
耐烤巧克力豆 choc bits(澳洲的英文名) / chocolate chips(美國、加拿大的英文名?)
洋梨 pear
杏桃 apricot
無花果乾 dried fig
手指餅乾 sponge fingers / ladyfingers / savoiardi(義大利名)
蕃茄醬 tomato sauce(普通甜的)
蕃茄醬 tomato paste(義大利料理用的)
白醋 white vinegar(西洋料理用的)
豆辦醬 chilli bean sauce
XO醬 XO sauce
桂圓 dried longan
黑木耳 black fungus / wood ear fungus
燒海苔 toasted nori seaweed
板海苔 nori seaweed / dried sea laver
南乳 fermented red beancurd
雜糧預拌粉 multi-grain flour
威化餅乾 wafer biscuit
幼糖 caster sugar
軟化牛油 soft butter
麵粉 plain flour
玉米粉 ( 太白粉) cornflour
自發麵粉 self-raising flour
乾椰絲 dessicated coconut
葡萄乾dried currant
糖份混合物 icing sugar mixture